Biblical Eschatology

A Biblical study of eschatology and the pre-tribulational & post-tribulational rapture views of the end times.


In the Bible there are two words that can be translated as wrath. This page simply serves to show all references of the Greek noun σωτηρία (soteria). For a fuller discusion on the topic, see the wrath article.

Soteriology is the doctrine of salvation, and it's name is dreived from the Greek noun σωτηρία soteria. Therefore, it shouldn't be suprising that 89% of the time, the Greek word soteria clearly means salvation in terms of eternal life. This means that, essentially, soteria is a technical term in the New Testament.

The primarily disputed instance is 1 Thessalonians 5:9 with the Greek phrase εἰς περιποίησιν σωτηρίας "to obtain salvation" in contrast to us not being destined for wrath.

The 4 instances that either don't refer to eternal life or could be disputed include:
Acts 7:25 σωτηρίαν (an Old Testament reference); Acts 27:34 σωτηρίας (saved from shipwreck); Hebrews 11:7 εἰς σωτηρίαν (Noah Saved his family from death, although it is certain those who died were eternally lost); and Luke 1:71 σωτηρίαν (saved from enemies).

The 40 instances where soteria clearly refers to eternal salvation:
Luke 1:69 σωτηρίας, Luke 1:77 σωτηρίας, Luke 19:9 σωτηρία, John 4:22 ἡ σωτηρία, Acts 4:12 ἡ σωτηρία, Acts 13:26 τῆς σωτηρίας, Acts 13:47 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Acts 16:17 σωτηρίας, Romans 1:16 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Romans 10:1 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Romans 10:10 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Romans 11:11 ἡ σωτηρία, Romans 13:11 ἡ σωτηρία, 2 Corinthians 1:6 σωτηρίας, 2 Corinthians 6:2 σωτηρίας (x2), 2 Corinthians 7:10 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Ephesians 1:13 τῆς σωτηρίας, Philippians 1:19 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Philippians 1:28 σωτηρίας, Philippians 2:12 τὴν ἑαυτῶν σωτηρίαν, 1 Thessalonians 5:8 σωτηρίας, 2 Thessalonians 2:13 εἰς σωτηρίαν, 2 Timothy 2:10 σωτηρίας, 2 Timothy 3:15 εἰς σωτηρίαν, Hebrews 1:14 σωτηρίαν, Hebrews 2:3 σωτηρίας, Hebrews 2:10 σωτηρίας, Hebrews 5:9 σωτηρίας, Hebrews 6:9 σωτηρίας, Hebrews 9:28 εἰς σωτηρίαν, 1 Peter 1:5 εἰς σωτηρίαν, 1 Peter 1:9 σωτηρίαν, 1 Peter 1:10 σωτηρίας, 1 Peter 2:2 εἰς σωτηρίαν, 2 Peter 3:15 σωτηρίαν, Jude 1:3 σωτηρίας, Revelation 7:10 Ἡ σωτηρία, Revelation 12:10 ἡ σωτηρία and Revelation 19:1 ἡ σωτηρία.

Therefore, a proper hermenutic would be to have a default understanding that soteria in the New Testament refers to eternal salvation. Only if valid evidence is shown to the contrary in the context of the passage, should this be understood otherwise. All exceptions clearly show that they are not speaking of eternal salvation.

We Are Not Appointed to Wrath

The Timing of the Rapture

The Testimony and Parables of Jesus

Does apostasia in 2 Thessalonians 2:3 refer to the rapture?

The Church Not Found In Revelation

The Resurrection

1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11, New Doctrine or Just a Clarification?

Who Escapes What in Revelation 3:10?

Imminence Refuted

John 14 - In My Fathers House

Harpazo the Greek Word for Rapture

Behold! I tell you what mystery means

The Dead in Christ & Tribulation Saints

Andy Woods

Revelation is NOT Chronological

Is the Holy Spirit the Restrainer?

What I believe - Day of the Lord Timeline

Understanding Zechariah 14

Blasted Hope or Blessed Hope?

Understanding Greek Pronouns and Their Importance

The Comfort Given by Paul

The Rapture in Revelation 7, Part 1

The Rapture in Revelation 7, Part 2

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