Biblical Eschatology

A Biblical study of eschatology and the pre-tribulational & post-tribulational rapture views of the end times.

Who Escapes What in Revelation 3:10?

Revelation 3:10 is commonly used to prove a pre-trib rapture. However, is it really saying what they claim.

To get the right answers we must ask the right questions. Who was Revelation 3:10 written to? Answer: the Church of Philadelphia (Cf. Revelation 3:7). Was anyone now living, part of this church 2,000 years ago? No!

In 3:10 it says, "you have kept." This is translated from the verb ἐτήρησας (tereo) which is "Aorist Indicative Active." "Aorist Indicative" generally indicates a past action. This means that they are kept from the hour based on them "keeping the word" about 2,000 years ago.

Next, this verse only makes sense if the members of the church of Philadelphia (2,000 years ago), that didn't keep the word, are not kept from the hour of trial! How could this be if they are dead? Therefore, this verse cannot refer to the tribulation. Instead, as I will show, this refers to the day of judgment that occurs on the last day, the Day of the Lord. The ones who do not keep the word, take part in the ressurection of the unrighteous, and are judged in the hour of trial. This is a literal 60 minutes. However, as 3:10 points out, if they kept the word, they are kept from the hour of trial on the day of judgment.

Revelation 14:7 ESV
7He declared in a loud voice: "Fear God and give him glory, because THE HOUR of his judgment has arrived, and worship the one who made heaven and earth, the sea and the springs of water!"
In 14:7 the translation "the hour of His judgment" is from the Greek ἡ ὥρα τῆς κρίσεως αὐτοῦ. The Greek word for hour here ὥρα has the definite article which means it's a definite hour.

Revelation 18:19 ESV
19And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, "Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich by her wealth, for IN ONE HOUR she has been laid waste!"

Notice again, this happens in one hour.
Revelation 3:10 ESV
10"Because you have kept my word about patient endurance, I will keep you from the HOUR of trial that is coming on the whole world, to try those who dwell on the earth."
This is talking about this same literal hour of judgment. τηρήσω ἐκ τῆς ὥρας τοῦ πειρασμοῦ Will keep you from the hour of trial. Notice τῆς before ὥρας, that is the definite article. This is a definite hour.

Next let's look at πειρασμοῦ (peirasmos) translated in 3:10 as TRIAL.

2 Peter 2:9
9οἶδεν Κύριος
Then the Lord knows how

εὐσεβεῖς ἐκ πειρασμοῦ ῥύεσθαι
To deliver the righteous out of the TRIAL

ἀδίκους δὲ εἰς ἡμέραν κρίσεως κολαζομένους τηρεῖν
And KEEP the unrighteous to be punished on the Day of Judgment.
It is important to point out that πειρασμοῦ in 2 Peter 2:9 is singular, NOT plural. The translations that have TRIALS, are incorrect. It is speaking about one specific TRIAL, the last trial on the day of judgment.

Looking at the second half of the verse it says the "unrighteous are kept." The word for kept is τηρεῖν (tereo), THE SAME EXACT WORD USED IN Revelation 3:10, that God would keep (tereo) them from the hour of trial!

So everyone is kept (tereo), either for judgment or kept (tereo) to escape judgment. This is exactly what the apostle John quoted Jesus as saying!

John 5:24 ESV
24"Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and DOES NOT COME INTO JUDGMENT, but has passed out of death into life."
Why are Christians not judged? Because we escape the literal hour (60 minutes) of judgment.

1 Corinthians 3:13-15 ESV
13each one's work will become manifest, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each one has done. 14If the work that anyone has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward. 15If anyone's work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire.
They suffer loss, because their EARTHLY treasure is burned up in the flames on the day of judgment which is the day of the Lord (Cf. 2 Peter 3:10-13). Jesus explained how to prevent yourself from suffering this loss.
Matthew 6:19-20 ESV
19"Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, 20but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal.
2 Thessalonians 1:5-10 ESV
5This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering 6since indeed God considers it just to repay with affliction those who afflict you, 7and to GRANT RELIEF TO YOU who are afflicted as well as to us, WHEN THE LORD JESUS IS REVEALED from heaven with his mighty ANGELS 8in FLAMING FIRE, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 9They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, 10when he comes on that day to be glorified in his saints, and to be marveled at AMONG ALL WHO HAVE BELIEVED, because our testimony to you was believed.
John 5:28-29 ESV
28Do not marvel at this, for an HOUR is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice 29and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.
Also on a side note. The day of the Lord is only one litteral 24 hour day. It is not a span of time. This is commonly mistaught. When that is understood it makes everything clear.

We Are Not Appointed to Wrath

The Timing of the Rapture

The Testimony and Parables of Jesus

Does apostasia in 2 Thessalonians 2:3 refer to the rapture?

The Church Not Found In Revelation

The Resurrection

1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11, New Doctrine or Just a Clarification?

Who Escapes What in Revelation 3:10?

Imminence Refuted

John 14 - In My Fathers House

Harpazo the Greek Word for Rapture

Behold! I tell you what mystery means

The Dead in Christ & Tribulation Saints

Andy Woods

Revelation is NOT Chronological

Is the Holy Spirit the Restrainer?

What I believe - Day of the Lord Timeline

Understanding Zechariah 14

Blasted Hope or Blessed Hope?

Understanding Greek Pronouns and Their Importance

The Comfort Given by Paul

The Rapture in Revelation 7, Part 1

The Rapture in Revelation 7, Part 2

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